The World Bank has allocated 200 million dollars to reform the Ukrainian educational system.
There has long been talking in Ukraine that the education system needs to be reformed. Some support the idea, while others are reluctant to reform and reduce the number of universities. The last straw in this discourse was set by the World Bank in its decision to allocate $ 200 million to Ukraine to reform the system. Thus, the World Bank advised Ukraine to look closely at the number of universities and colleges and to consider the feasibility of closing some of them.
The money allocated by the World Bank will go to the audit of each higher education institution, so specialists will be able to assess the level of each university, college and conclude how appropriate it is to continue the operation of this institution. Decisions will also be made to close the school or continue its operation.
Opponents of this audit claim that such actions could reduce the number of cities for students and thus a large number of people will not be able to obtain higher education, which will lead to the degradation of society.
The World Bank’s position is that such a large system of educational institutions, namely 231 higher education institutions, is large and inefficient. Due to the steady decline in Ukraine’s population, the Bank believes that this affects the quality of education and financial stability.
The World Bank also provides statistics according to which more than 60% of higher education institutions in Ukraine have only 5,000 students. There are more than 300 higher education institutions in Ukraine, with an average of about 550 students. Most of the higher education institutions, namely 75%, are subordinated to the Ministry of Education and Science, which will be appointed responsible for this project in case of a positive decision of Ukraine.
The World Bank is also concerned about statistics, for example, according to surveys, more than 85% of prospective students will study in higher education, but the school does not provide information on the number of students who found work after graduation and their salaries.
The World Bank emphasizes that this program will last for 6 years, and a $ 200 million loan will be allocated for the implementation of the set tasks, to the equivalent of UAH 5.6 billion.
Thus, the situation with universities divided people into two camps. One of which, for the implementation of this program, arguing little functionality of universities, the fact that education at this stage has become a tick and most people to obtain specialized education complete special courses, thus emphasizing that closing unsuccessful institutions for the sake of successful education.
Others believe that this strategy will destroy the entire education system and access to it. Also, many are concerned that the money that the World Bank will allocate will be used according to the program and not for the needs of individuals.
There is also a third opinion that the education system should not be closed down and reformed, the same opinion is expressed by the former founder of the Minister of Education Maksym Strykha. “This can be a positive factor if it is not a question of closing individual universities with the expulsion of students and teachers to the streets … This should be optimization, unification of individual universities.”
Therefore, we will monitor the situation and developments between Ukrainian Education and the World Bank.