World Refugee Day is celebrated annually on 20 June
World Refugee Day is celebrated annually on 20 June. In English: World Refugee Day, in Spanish: Día Mundial de los Refugiados, in Chinese: 世界 难民 日, French: la Journée mondiale des réfugiés ;). It was established in accordance with the decision of the General Assembly of the United Nations of December 4, 2000 at the 55th session and is celebrated since 2001.
African Refugee Day
On the same day, the African Refugee Day is celebrated. As stated in the resolution, the decision was made in agreement with the Organization of African Unity – OAU (since 2002 the African Union), since earlier on this day, since 1969, the International Day of African Refugees was celebrated.
The Status of Refugees
The rights of refugees are defined in the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, adopted on 28 July 1951 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Status of Refugees and Stateless Persons, convened in accordance with the General Assembly resolution of 14 December 1950.
Reasons for Refugees
Wars, natural disasters, human rights violations are the main reasons why people are forced to abandon their homes and seek a better life elsewhere. In the XX century, the number of refugees was growing rapidly.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Trying to help more than a million refugees after World War II, in 1951, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was established.
It was planned that the Office would last for three years, based on the premise that soon the refugees were adapting to the societies that had granted them asylum. However, this did not happen.
Quantitative refugee indices from 1975
In 1975 there were about 2.4 million refugees in the world, in 10 years – 10.5 million. In 1995, the number of people who received protection and assistance from UNHCR increased to 27.4 million.
To date, the number of such people has reached record levels in the history of UN observation – by the end of 2017 UNHCR registered 71.4 million refugees and internally displaced persons. This means that in the world every minute 24 people leave their native places because of war, persecution or out of fear for their lives.
From which countries are they running
Leaders in terms of settlers were Afghanistan, Somalia, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Myanmar, South Sudan and Syria.
In 2016, more than a million refugees from Africa and the Middle East, who reached Europe via the Mediterranean, were in the spotlight of the media. However, most refugees initially move towards neighboring countries. Turkey has accepted the largest number of refugees, followed by Pakistan, Lebanon and Iran. 86 per cent of refugees seek protection in southern countries, mainly in developing countries. For example, in Africa, countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Chad have taken millions of refugees from neighboring regions. About 110 thousand people from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, fleeing from the growing violent crime, fled to neighboring Mexico and the United States.
Ukraine is reluctant to accept refugees.
At the same time, according to the migration agencies of the EU countries, the chances of asylum in Germany, Italy, Poland and other EU countries are relatively small. Ukrainians from the East of the country have an alternative inside Ukraine. At the same time, Ukraine is in a position to provide an opportunity for settlers to settle in any region. Heated by the Ukrainian media, the excitement around the conflict in the Donbas does not affect Western officials in helping displaced people from Lugansk and Donetsk as refugees.
During 2014-2017, 4,033 foreigners applied for protection in Ukraine, of which 1,640 persons were denied such protection. It was recognized by persons who need additional protection – 463 people. Refugees only 197 people, of whom in 2017 – 21 people.
Asylum in Ukraine was most often sought by citizens from Afghanistan – 1166 people, Syria – 534 people, Russia – 384 people and Iraq – 197 people.
To get the status you need to have evidence
The criterion for acquiring protection in Ukraine is the existence of well-founded fears in case of returning to the country of citizenship, namely: to become a victim of persecution on one or several grounds (race, religion, nationality, citizenship, membership of a particular social group or political opinion); or to receive serious damage associated with the conditions specified in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
It is better not to ask for refugee, but to immigrate legally
It must also be understood that if you are refused refugee status, your stay in the country will be illegal.
Therefore, we advise anyone wishing to immigrate on a legal basis to obtain a residence permit through employment, training, through official marriage with a citizen of the country of resettlement, through participation in the activities of voluntary volunteer organizations, through investments, the creation of their business.